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Jan 19, 2015

Hot Weather's On The Way

A bird seldom seen, though by no means rare, is the Green-billed Malkoha, Phaenicophaeus tristis. It is a jungle bird as can be seen by its habit of hopping and jumping around branches in a tree. In fact sometimes it 'runs' up a tree in a series of hops much like a squirrel.
The Malkoha has been a resident in our farm for a few years now. We were surprised to see this individual building a nest in one of our fruit trees right next to a busy farm road. It seems absolutely perturbed by our presense as it goes about gathering twigs and leaves for its nest. It must be at least 3rd generation farm-born to show this level of confidence.
We designed and maintained our farm as a sanctuary for wild-life, even predators. We hope to demonstrate that it is possible to farm and yet co-exists with Nature.

 phaenicophaeus tristis,green-billed malkoha,rare birds,malkoha,non-parasitic cuckoo

phaenicophaeus tristis,green-billed malkoha,rare birds,malkoha,non-parasitic cuckoo

 

Here's a video we took of it hopping around a dead tree gathering twigs:

Apr 17, 2013

Useful Plants At The Farm - Sirihan, Piper Aduncum / Angustifolium

The early European explorers to South America must have thought this plant is so important they propagated it where ever they went.  It is now found naturalised in most tropical parts of the world.

At our farm it is a valuable part of the natural remedies we have for our chickens.

sirihan, piper aduncum, piper angustifolium, natural remedies for chickens,

The inflorescence attracts squirrels, tree shrews and civets.

sirihan, piper aduncum, piper angustifolium, natural remedies for chickens,

Like its cousin the green pepper vine, lots and lots of inflorescence.

sirihan, piper aduncum, piper angustifolium, natural remedies for chickens,

In the fields, they provide shade for the chickens but be careful, they are very invasive and will take over the entire padang!

Here's the technical information : Rain-Tree.com

Crush the leaves.  If it has a slight peppery smell, you have the sirihan in your farm.  Use it by pounding the leaves and squeezing out in a pail of water, or by decoction.  Dosage is dependent on age and symptom.

Apr 16, 2013

Free-Range Egg Model for Rural Farmers

This is the free-range layer model we intend to implement as a social enterprise with rural low-income farmers.  If they sell the eggs themselves at the Farmers’ Market, each egg should fetch rm1.00 each.  We will supply them 200 pullets that are close to laying unlike what is happening now when the poor farmers are given day-olds and in no time, disease will wipe out all the birds.

At the very least, the farmers can expect an income of between rm2500 to rm3000.00 per month.

We will be starting with five farmers in Pahang.

Apr 15, 2013

Sights And Sounds Of The Farm - Emerald Doves

Emerald Doves are usually very flighty and nervous near humans due to poaching.  At our farm, they are resident and are found in many nooks and corners.  Many times they will just swagger off, in a pigeony way (which they are) when they see us.  Here's one that's just in front of our workers' quarters.  The video of it feeding in our garden captures the sounds of the farm at around 11 am, mid-morning.  If we hadn't tell you, you would think the video is in the forest with the myriad sounds of birds and insects.  But that's what we are trying to achieve in our farming - that we can be commercial and yet be in harmony with Nature.

emerald dove, nature farming, permaculture, sounds of tropical forest,

Here's a recording of the sounds that you will hear at our farm.  You would be forgiven if you think you are in the jungle.

Mar 15, 2013

The Yellow Birdwing, Troides helena, is now a resident

On the 1st day of this year we saw for the first time a single female Yellow Birdwing, Troides helena,  flying fast at the perimeter of our farm, as if making an aerial survey.

common yellow birdwing, helena Troides, birdwing butterflies,

From a distance, it looks like a bird

The Yellow Birdwing is protected by law and is becoming difficult to see in the wild due to loss of habitat and due to collectors.

common yellow birdwing butterfly, helena troides, rare butterflies,

The female zooming past us on the 1st of January, 2013

Just barely 2 1/2 months later, they have made our farm their home.  They are breeding and have become a familier sight.  And interestingly, they show no fear of us.  Also of interest to us is the fact that the farm has a larger share of birds than other places and yet they choose to breed here.  

common yellow birdwing butterfly, helena troides, rare butterflies,

They show no fear of us

common yellow birdwing butterfly, helena troides, rare butterflies,

You won't find wild birdwings flying around your cars!

common yellow birdwing butterfly,troides helena,rare butterflies

Flying close to us without fear.

common yellow birdwing butterfly,troides helena,rare butterflies

We leave fruits to ripen on the trees for birds and butterflies.  Our workers are instructed not to feed nor to disturb nor to stare at the birds, and also the butterflies.  We make as if they are non-existent.  We plant their larval plants and we plant flowering vines that will bloom up in the canopy for the butterflies.  And above all, no poison, no chemicals.  We co-exists, and they so enrich our lives as farmers.

Sep 01, 2012

Animal Feedstock - localise it

There is this mental block that we have to have corn for animal feed.  So Malaysia try to grow corn for feed but it did not work out too well - not if you are competing with heavily subsidised imported corn.  Further, corn and soya are termed 'commodities', ie it means people are allowed to speculate on its future price.  For farmers that means your future is influenced by speculators.  For small countries like Malaysia, that means our food security is in the hands of big spending speculators.  Hey, that's not a comfortable position to be in, and really I often wonder why we allow ourselves to be dragged into such a precarious position.

So, recently due to droughts in USA, speculators have jumped in and the price of corn and soya has gone through the roof.  Farmers are dying because suddenly more cash is needed, practically overnight, to feed the animals.  Consumers are shouting because suddenly meats are more expensive.

One of the ways local small farms can get off the carousel is to grow feedstock that is indigenous to local climate and which require as little input as possible.

At our farm, we use cooking bananas.  All imported feedstock corn is GMO.  Our bananas are not.

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

All our chicken fields are planted with these bananas

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

They are tall trees, up to 25ft, with large shade areas.  The fruits are higher in energy values than corn.

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

Because of their height and large shade area, we plant them to block off west-side sun, thus saving on artificial cooling costs.

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

They also play an ecological role by absorbing nutrients from waste water since they are water-resistant.

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

They produce more feedstock per acre of land than corn.

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

Each bunch is about 20 to 30kg

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

They store well, and can be readied for feedstock in a jiffy

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

Chickens love the bananas and make a mad rush for them when presented.

feedstock, increasing food costs, corn, soya bean, drought, cooking banana, BBB musa, local feed ingredients,

Bananas do not have the high omega 6 that corn has and thus produce a healthier meat for human consumption.  Corn not only have high omega 6 but also is practically 100% GMO now.

Jul 22, 2012

Forest In A Farm

Twenty years ago, we started to plant forest trees in a zone within the farm.  Today, some of the trees are 100 feet tall, and of course, still growing.  We plan now to develop this zone into an area of bio-diversity and hopefully, some of the animal life driven off by logging uphill, will instead make this zone their home.  The forest uphill was home to siamang, wild cats, and many more.  

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

Canopy trees in a farm!

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

Meranti

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

Pulai

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

Gelam

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

Kasai

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

Mahagony

Sustainable agriculture is long term, planning decades ahead, not months or weeks.

agro forestry, permaculture, meranti, nyatoh, pulai, rain trees,

At one end of the zone is this beautiful location, perhaps a suitable site for a Sustainable Agricullture Institute.

Apr 02, 2012

Living (And Farming) With Nature

The farm is a bird sanctuary of sorts. This statement seems to be contradictory at first sight, but our farm  is full of birds of various kinds (about 50 different species at last count).  We can farm and yet we can live in harmony with wildlife.

If you want to have birds in your farm, you must not allow your workers to kill any bird, not even one.

Birds living in close proximity of each other will know if one dies, even of different species.  A farm like ours is like a huge giant aviary.  The birds are regulars, or have made their homes at the farm.  If you kill one, all the rest will know of the death.  After a few deaths, they will start to leave.

And why kill them?  Look at the ‘enhancement’ they contribute to the farm environment:

weaver birds, weaver bird nests, ploceus philippinus, burung tempua, baya weaver, co-existing with nature,

These are nests of weaver birds.  They have made them hanging from a neem tree we planted in a chicken padang (field).   At the background you can see one that’s green in color.  The birds have quickly picked up the grass that we have cut to weave a nest.  It will dry out gradually.  These nests are the most effective against the many snakes that have made the farm their home too.  It’s going to be tough for a regular snake to reach the entrance of the nest.

weaver birds,weaver bird nests,ploceus philippinus,burung tempua,baya weaver,co-existing with nature

Experts say, birds will bring disease to a chicken farm.  This has not been our experience (11 years now).  All you need is the will to live with nature, and put to practice modern scientific knowledge about dieases.  The costs involved is marginal.  The benefits to bio-diversity and the ecology, immeasurable.

Spread the word; it can be done.

Mar 19, 2012

Interesting Trees At The Farm - I

Finally the kapok tree have fruits and the workers are looking forward to fresh stuffing for their pillows.

Kapok, Ceiba pentandra, sustainable farming, sustainable forestry, income generating forest trees,

Up the kapok tree shaking the pods (fruits) down.

 kapok,ceiba pentandra,sustainable farming,sustainable forestry,income generating forest trees

Fallen pods (actually fruits)

 Kapok, Ceiba pentandra, sustainable farming, sustainable forestry, income generating forest trees,

Close up of pods, the fluffy kapok fibre,  and leaves.

 Kapok, Ceiba pentandra, sustainable farming, sustainable forestry, income generating forest trees,

The fibre that will be used to stuff the pillows.

Isn't it time to reintroduce these fibres?  They were replaced by cheap material made from petrochemicals. It may be the time now to start bringing these fibres back using modern technology to treat them to last longer etc. A kapok tree can remain productive for 500 years; how's that for sustainability!.

At the farm, we are constantly looking for material found in nature to use and to reuse.

Mar 09, 2012

Round Eyes, 'Long' Eyes

If you have a few thousand chickens running around, how do you know if some disease is starting?

In antibiotic-free poultry raising, it is extremely important that we catch problems fast.  By the time the chicken shows obvious signs, the disease is well advanced and mortality can be high.

One of the fastest way we know of, especially if we are relying on workers, is to go like this first thing in the morning:

Farmer: How’s the chickens in Field Number 10?

Worker: OK, they are eating and running around.

Farmer: Are the eyes round?

Free-range poultry, organic chicken farming, necropsy, poultry disease identification, chicken diseases,

Round Eyes

Worker: Most have round eyes.  Some have 'long' eyes.

Free-range poultry, organic chicken farming, necropsy, poultry disease identification, chicken diseases,

'Long' Eyes

Farmer: Out of 10 chickens, how many round, how many long?

Worker: 8 round, 2 long.

Free-range poultry, organic chicken farming, necropsy, poultry disease identification, chicken diseases,

Round Eyes, 'Long' Eyes

20% of your chickens are showing signs of problems.  You best head over to the field fast to see what’s the problem.  First make sure the ‘long’ eyes is not due to physical eye problems.

Then, sacrifice a few chickens and examine the internal organs.  Once you have narrowed down the possible causes, take the necessary action.

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