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Sep 10, 2011

Lynas - What's It All About?

We are in Pahang, so we should be concerned.

Below we pasted an article lifted from http://www.loyarburok.com.

You should click the link below to read the comments as they provide views opposed to that of the writer:

http://www.loyarburok.com/2011/09/06/understanding-lynas-rare-earth-plant-13-questions/

Then you make up your own mind.

Understanding the Lynas Rare Earth plant in 13 questions

6 September 2011 | Green-World | Posted by Tan Sze Ming

I’m just a layman, I read the paper I saw the news, but I want to know more…

 

lynas, rare earth plant pahang,

Q1: What is rare earth (RE)?

Rare earth (RE) is just a metal, as ordinary as other metals like iron, silver and gold. The difference between them is we don’t encounter RE in daily life, e.g. you don’t wear RE bracelets, you don’t build the bridge with RE. It’s precious, valuable and essential for many high-tech industries.

Q2: Who is LYNAS?

LYNAS is the owner of the RE mine and Gebeng plant, incorporated and listed in Australia. LYNAS (M) Sdn. Bhd is wholly owned by LYNAS Inc.

Q3: Where does the RE come from? What is it like?

Like other metals, RE is found in ore (rock) in West Australia. The ore is mined, cleaned and crushed into sand or powder form, before being shipped to Kuantan. The journey is about 5000 km. The size of a single grain of powder can be 100 times smaller than the diameter of a strand of hair.

Q4: Why do they take the RE from Australia and process it here?

The official statement said that Australia cannot provide high-skilled manpower, and that Australia cannot supply enough water, acids and natural gas to process RE.

Q5: What do we get in terms of income?

Malaysia offered 12 years tax break to LYNAS, which means they do not pay us anything during the first 12 years of operation. Eventually, all revenue generated here will probably be channeled back to the LYNAS Inc. share holders in Australia, and not to LYNAS (M) Sdn. Bhd.

Q6: What do we get in terms of job opportunities?

Only a total of 350 employees are needed, including expatriate, skilled and unskilled workers. The number of employees in a mid-size supermarket is greater than this.

Q7: What do we get in terms of new world-class technology?

Malaysia is not a traditional, major RE-producing county. Transferring RE processing knowledge to Malaysia does not benefit the country and its people considerably.

Q8: So, what actually do we get?

Save the “jobs created, new technology and sales revenue of chemicals, water and natural gas”, strictly speaking, in the first 12 years – nothing! Except large quantities of waste. To be more precise, 500 cubic meters/hour of waste water, 100,000 cubic meters/hour of waste gas and 280,000 tonnes/year of solid waste.

Q9: Is RE dangerous?

Most RE metals are harmless, but in natural ore RE is normally mixed with the radioactive substances. During the separation process, valuable RE is extracted and exported to US, Europe and Japan, leaving behind harmful substances in Kuantan.

Q10: How dangerous is it?

The radioactive substances release radiation and two major toxic materials – radon gas and lead. Radon is a colorless, odorless toxic gas. When it gets into the human body through inhalation, it can damage cells and cause cancer. As for lead, many years ago petrol gas been changed from leaded to unleaded, as we didn’t want lead to be released to the air through our car exhaust. Lead can harm the nervous system, and cause brain and blood diseases. In short, two key hazards can be found in Gebeng RE plant – the radiation and the toxic materials.

Q11: Where and when can the radiation, radon and lead be found?

The RE raw material (in powder or sand form) arrives at the Kuantan port, then gets transported to Gebeng by truck, where it is unloaded, transferred and processed. Waste gas from chimneys, the waste water disposed into the Balok River, the solid wastes that are stored in Gebeng – possibly in all of the above we can find the radioactive substances, which can emit radiation, radon and lead, wherever and whenever they are present.

Q12: Mr. A lives in Balok, 3km from Gebeng. Mr. B lives in Kuantan, 30km from Gebeng. Mr. C lives in KL, 300km from Gebeng. Can the radioactive materials endanger them?

In short, the answer is NO for all of them if they stay more than 100 metres away from radioactive materials. But, the answer is YES for all three if they consumed these harmful substances, even if they stay hundreds of kilometres away. WHY? The radiation emitted in Gebeng doesn’t travel long distance to harm us, hence if you stand a short distance away from the materials without consuming it, all you will get is a slight radiation. Radon gas and lead in general do not affect our body externally, as we are protected by our skin. However, if these radioactive materials contaminate the solid waste, waste water and waste gas, they will be released to the atmosphere, water streams and eventually the food chain. Once the radioactive materials enter the human body via inhalation, ingestion and wound penetration, the radiation, radon and lead will be released inside the body and these can cause very serious consequences.

Q13: Why did they say that it is safe? Why did they say that the radioactivity is low? Who should I listen to?

You decide who you should listen to! It’s your life, it’s your family, it’s your home. See above to understand why they said the radioactivity is low. The media, authorities and LYNAS have failed to report the consequences of consuming radioactive materials.

The questions were answered by Dr. Lee Chee Hong, Chemical Engineering Expert on Metals.

Here's a Chinese news report of some experts called by the Chinese business community in Pahang to brief the residents on the safety of Rare Earth processing.

 

Grass Fed Chickens - Some Basic Considerations

Choosing the right breed is important. 

In the West, Cornish Crosses ( white feathered broilers) are free-ranged and pastured (grass fed).  

In Malaysia, that's not possible.  They will die from heat-stroke.

Many in Malaysia choose the Kabir ( a Sasso-type chicken) to free-range.   Like the Cornish Crosses, the Kabir too,  have very high metabolic rates and they will easily succumb to our mid-day sun without adequate shade and drinking water that is cooler than ambient. 

Also, with their high metabolic rates, they need continuous feeding of high calorie feed. This defeats the purpose of pasturing as they will just sit around eating the feed pellets rather than forage.  The omega 6: omega 3 ratio will be high, as they eat mainly the grain-based pellets.  Health-wise to the consumer, it makes no difference whether these chickens are raised in a house or free-ranged.  They will not and cannot be successfully grass fed.  True grass fed chickens can never reach 2.5kg and above in weight.  To grow to that size, they need a high calorie feed from grains and fats, which grasses cannot provide ( chickens are not cows and goats and cannot absorb the nutrients in grasses adequately like ruminants can).

Our tests have shown that Cornish Crosses and Kabir (Sasso) will have omega 6: omega 3 ratios as high as 40:1 and above if fed corn-based pellets ad-libitum even though raised on grass fields.

At our farm, we use mainly crosses from our traditional ayam kampung.

grass fed chicken,pastured chicken,free-range chicken,organic chicken,omega 6: omega 3 ratio,omega 3,dha,ayam kampung,cornish crosses,kabir,sasso

Ayam kampung will range whereas Cornish Crosses and Kabir will sit around

Providing sufficient space for the chickens to roam and for the land to recover fast is crucial.  Our experience shows that we need a minimum of 25 sq ft of free roaming land for each chicken (factory farms provide 0.75 sq ft per chicken).  Depending on the local conditions, this requirement may go up to as high as 50 sq ft of land per chicken.  With sufficient space, the grasses can recover during the time the chickens are in the fields as we move them from one end of the field to the other.

So, two factors are involved here.  One is the chickens must be moved along, and two the local soil conditions must allow the grasses to recover within the time that the chickens are in the field.  In Malaysia we are lucky that our fields are easily 20 times more productive in terms of grass growth than many Western countries.  The soil at our farm can count up to 60 to 100 earthworms per cubic feet.  That's something Western farmers will die for!

Here are short clips taken from our hand phone.  Note that the chickens are already market size and yet the fields are still green.  In many farms when the chickens are at market size, the fields will be bare and smelly - that's perhaps one of the tests you as consumers can use to determine whether the chickens are truly grassfed.

Note how well these chickens make use of the space given to them by foraging and eating the grasses and plants.

Aug 03, 2011

Free Range Chicken - Natural Sun-Shading I

permaculture, free range chickens, sun shading, passion fruit, markisa, ramadan,

This Ramadan sure is hot.  For the watermelon seller, bad sales surely is not his lot.  The chickens listlessly loll.  Under the markisa shelters.  Aren't we glad we had tolled.  These lovely markisa all to enjoy.

permaculture, free range chickens, sun shading, passion fruit, markisa, ramadan,

Yesterday was 40 celcius.  Hot enough for these chickens to drop dead from heat stroke. And we are talking about ayam kampung, tough as nails!

Natural sun shading used in the farm includes these passion-fruit vines and clumps of big-leafed pisang sematu. Remember, bare earth retains and reflects heat.  Bare earth patches can be 5 celcius higher than grass covered patches.  And all water-lines MUST be protected from the sun.

A friend of mine is running a closed-house farm.  He is cursing day-and-night over his energy bills.

Selamat berpuasa. 

Jul 26, 2011

Ministry of Agriculture officers came again....

The Ministry of Agriculture came again to take samples for testing.

organic durians, sijil organik malaysia, certified organic farm in malaysia, s.o.m., food regulations act 1985, certified organic durians,

Under the Food Regulations Act 1985, we are the only farm at the moment allowed to call our durians "Organic" in Malaysia.

We know of people paying RM28 per 'organic' durian fruit.  That's not our durians.  Our prices are much lower than that.

We know of sellers claiming their 'organic' durians are from Pahang.  That's not us, our farm is not fruiting this season.  We are 'resting' our trees.

When we sell our fruits, each individual fruit will have a S.O.M. sticker with our farm number which is SOM 04.03.

organic durians, sijil organik malaysia, certified organic farm in malaysia, s.o.m., food regulations act 1985, certified organic durians,

Sellers and farmers should be aware that labeling or representing your durians as 'organic' means the farm have a S.O.M. certificate, full stop.  If you don't have a S.O.M. certificate, you can't represent your durians as 'organic' under the law.  The penalty is stiff, a max fine of RM5,000 and or a jail term of 2 years. 

Getting S.O.M. certitication is free.  Please apply and get certified. 

Jul 05, 2011

Tire Gardening

We are becoming quite an expert in tire gardening.

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

An old tire garden on soggy clayey soil producing sweet potatoes, and various herbs.

 

Tire gardens can be used on patches of land that otherwise will not be productive. Tire gardens tend to require less work for weeding and are suited for perennials. The initial hard work mixing the soil and then filling up the tires will pay off in the long run because you need invest less 'running costs' such as weeding, less leaching of nutrients and being a raised bed, less fungal and nematodes problems . 

 

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

A new ginger garden coming up on a patch of land that has a lot of construction debris.

 

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

A serai / ginger / sweet potato garden in a corner with hard soil. 

 

Proper piping reduces the time taken to water the plants.  The pipes are raised on self-made concrete legs. We prefer PVC to poly pipes as we do not cement the sections of the pipes so we can dismantle and adjust or remove as needed.

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

Neat, sturdy, DIY.

 

It's easy to make the concrete legs:

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

Knock some used discarded construction plywood together to form moulds. 

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

Newly stripped from the mould

 

The rebar sticks into the soil to prevent toppling.

 

Tires need drainage holes otherwise the roots will rot:

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

Use a half inch or larger, auger

tire gardening, making concrete posts, making drainage holes in tires, uses for old tires,

Drill multiple holes on three sides of the tire

 

Make sure the holes are clean, otherwise the holes will close with moist soil.

 

PS

For home gardening, if you want a more aesthetic look, you can do as follows:

tire gardening,making concrete posts,making drainage holes in tires,uses for old tires

Remove the rim using a sharp knife

tire gardening,making concrete posts,making drainage holes in tires,uses for old tires

The tire after the top and bottom rims are removed.  You can use it as it is (no necessity for drainage holes), or you may want to reverse it:

tire gardening,making concrete posts,making drainage holes in tires,uses for old tires

We intend to create potato stacks with these; maybe three tires high; the drainage would be better than uncut tires.

Jun 28, 2011

Organic Certification Auditors Came

sijil organik malaysia, som, organic certification malaysia,

Puan Norazlina, Head of the Agricultural Department, Bentong and Mohd Noor Azlan, Malaysian Organic Scheme auditor, together with their support staff,  conducted a compliance audit of the farm today.

Jun 26, 2011

They lose all sense of fear....II

You certainly would not expect to find a waterhen nesting right next to a path that's used daily:

white crested waterhen,amaurornis phoenicurus,rails,crake

Much less, above ground, in a bush.  We have always found them on the ground, next to water:

white crested waterhen,amaurornis phoenicurus,rails,crake

 The black circle marks the spot where she's peering at us. Click on pic for larger view

Close up of the wary mother:

white crested waterhen,amaurornis phoenicurus,rails,crake

Click on pic for larger view

white crested waterhen,amaurornis phoenicurus,rails,crake

Clutch of six eggs

This can only happen when the mother feels more comfortable nesting near humans than in her natural environment which unfortunately, lately, has more monitor lizards and snakes than usual because of the growing eel population.  We are studying how to rebalance the micro-ecology there.

Jun 21, 2011

Surprise Visitor

A surprise distinguished visitor dropped by.

tan sri tan lay kim

Tan Sri Tan Lai Kim, Puan Sri and son, Edmund

It is always a pleasure to see successful developers who are also into sustainability.

They lose all sense of fear....

If we truly mean them no harm, they lose all sense of fear....

wild birds,taming wild birds,green crested lizard

They will nest anywhere, here, in a serai (lemongrass) bed

wild birds, crested lizard, red eggs, taming wild birds,

Close up of the nest in a serai (lemongrass) clump.

Web hatching out.jpg

Three red eggs hatching out.  The color of the new hatchlings the same red as the eggs. We have yet to id the bird.

wild birds, taming wild birds, green crested lizard,

A crested lizard with a more turquoise coloring than the normal green. It's more curious than fearful of our hand. Occasionally they will just land on your head or shoulder as you walk under a tree.  The farm is a sanctuary of sorts for them and other lizards.

PS found this old pic demonstrating what we mean:

wild birds,taming wild birds,green crested lizard

Curious visitor from the tree under which we were having lunch

Jun 05, 2011

Spreading the word....

Our workers come from distant villages in the Himalayas.  They come of course to earn much needed hard cash.  But more than that we make sure they return home with new knowledge and skills to increase productivity without resorting to chemicals. When they achieve competency in a specific area, they get a certificate.  Our farm have a long list of Nepalese who want to work for us.

training, certificate in organic farming, dq farm, knowledge based farming,

Here's Santa Kumar receiving his competency certificates from Pak Cik Razaly the farm manager.  Looking on is the farm supervisor, Dilli Prasad.

Santa received his certificates in composting and in marcotting.

He showed that he could independently produce compost on a schedule so that supply is never cut off.  He could ensure that temperatures are reached so that pathogens are destroyed.  He always gets the carbon: nitrogen ratio right.  

training, certificate in organic farming, dq farm, knowledge based farming,

Certificate in composting

He does marcotting of fruit trees independently with no supervision and has close to 100% success.

training, certificate in organic farming, dq farm, knowledge based farming,

 Certificate in Marcotting

We award certificates for competency in a wide range of farm work – from taking care of specific crops, for example, sweet potatoes, spinach, etc., to making high quality cement posts, to poultry necropsy and disease identification.

When they return to Nepal, they can either be better farmers, or they can use the certificates to train others or to earn better wages from their next employer.